A US man is facing up to two years in jail in Thailand after posting negative reviews of a hotel he stayed in, he was sued by the resort under the country’s strict anti-defamation laws. Wesley Barnes, who works in Thailand, posted several reviews on different platforms allegedly accusing the resort of “modern day slavery”. The Sea View Resort, however, said the harsh criticism by the former guest was untrue and damaging to the hotel’s reputation. The owner filed a complaint that the defendant had posted unfair reviews on his hotel on the TripAdvisor website, police told the AFP news agency.
The incident, which occurred at the resort on the island of Koh Chang earlier this year, was apparently triggered by an argument over Mr Barnes wanting to bring his own bottle of alcohol while dining in the restaurant. A hotel statement said he had “caused a commotion” and refused to pay a corkage fee, which was eventually waived off when the manager intervened. Since leaving, Mr Barnes posted several negative reviews of the property, after which the hotel sued him for defamation. Mr Barnes was subsequently detained, spent several nights in prison, and then released on bail. If found guilty of breaking the country’s notorious anti-defamation laws he could face up to two years in prison, at least one review was posted in June on TripAdvisor accusing the hotel of “modern day slavery” which the site later removed for violating its guidelines.
We chose to file a complaint to serve as a deterrent, as we understood he may continue to write negative reviews week after week for the foreseeable future, the hotel said, explaining it had attempted to contact the former guest before filing the defamation suit. The hotel also acknowledged that using a defamation law may be viewed as excessive for this situation, but said the guest had ignored all attempts to make contact and instead continued to persistently post negative and untrue reviews.
Thailand is not unique in criminalizing defamation, but the law, which carries a punishment of up to two years in prison, is unusually easy to abuse. I was prosecuted for criminal defamation in 2016 for a report I made for the BBC. The plaintiff dropped the case 18 months later. The defendant will have to post bail, and if a foreigner, will have their passport held by the court and the cases often last many years. They cannot recoup the substantial costs of defending such cases, even if they win, unless they file a separate civil case, the plaintiffs, on the other hand, are not liable to pay costs even if they lose.
It gets worse. In Thailand truth is not an automatic defence as it is in many countries. So even if what you have said, or reported, is true, and the plaintiff admits it is true, you can still go to jail, unless you can prove there is a public interest in reporting it, finding reliable and affordable lawyers is also very difficult.
Unsurprisingly, criminal defamation cases are frequently used in commercial or political disputes. Rights groups allege that they are often abused to harass and silence those fighting injustice. One poultry processing company has filed as many as 38 legal cases, many of them criminal defamation, against workers and human rights campaigners who complained about labour abuses. One journalist has already received a two-year prison sentence for social media comments about the case.