Mexico City’s governor has confirmed that a statue of an indigenous woman will replace the capital’s Christopher Columbus monument. The statue was removed last year after indigenous rights activists threatened to tear it down.
Claudia Sheinbaum said it will be replaced by a replica of a pre-Columbian statue known as the Young Woman of Amajac. Protesters have toppled Columbus statues in Latin America and the US.
Columbus, an Italian-born explorer who was financed by the Spanish crown to set sail on voyages of exploration in the late 15th Century, is seen by many as a symbol of oppression and colonialism as his arrival in America opened the door to the Spanish conquest. Ms Sheinbaum’s latest announcement was made on 12 October – the anniversary of Columbus’ discovery of the Americas.
In the US it is widely celebrated as Columbus Day. But in Mexico and other Latin American countries it is known as Día de la Raza (Spanish: Day of the Race). Many view it as a commemoration to native resistance against European conquest.
Ms Sheinbaum said she wanted to make the change as part of the “decolonisation” of the famous Reforma Avenue, where an empty plinth currently stands.
She added that the new monument – set to to be three times as tall as the Columbus statue – was in recognition that “indigenous women had been the most persecuted” during and after the colonial period.
The original Young Woman of Amajac was discovered in January in Veracruz. It is believed that the sculpture depicts a leading female member of the Huastec people at the time of its creation. The original currently sits in Mexico City’s Anthropology Museum, which is going to create the replica.
After the city government decided to remove the Columbus statute from its plinth, a number of proposals were put forward including a statue inspired by a pre-Hispanic Olmec head.
However, it was derided as a token gesture for its lack of authenticity, prompting Ms Sheinbaum to cancel it and opt instead for the Young Woman of Amajac. The statue of Christopher Columbus will be moved to a park in another area of Mexico City.